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高一英语下学期知识点整理

2022-12-10 10:50:40高一访问手机版0

导语】进入高中后,很多新生有这样的心理落差,比自己成绩优秀的大有人在,很少有人注意到自己的存在,心理因此失衡,这是正常心理,但是应尽快进入学习状态。©思潮学习网高一频道为正在努力学习的你整理了《高一英语下学期知识点整理》,希望对你有帮助!

1.高一英语下学期知识点整理

  1.be good to对……友好be good for对……有益;be bad to…/be bad for…

  2.add up加起来 增加

  add up to合计,总计

  add…to把……加到……

  3.not…until/till意思是“直到…才”

  4.get sth/sb done使……完成/使某人被……

  5.calm down平静下来

  6.be concerned about关心,关注

  7.当while,when,before,after 等引导的时间状语从句中的主语与主句的主语一致时,可将从句中的主语和be动词省去。

  While walking the dog,you were careless and it got loose.

  8.cheat in the exam考试作弊

  9.go through经历;度过;获准,通过

  10.hide away躲藏;隐藏

  11.set down写下,记下

  12.I wonder if…我不知道是不是…

  13.sth happen to sb某人发生某事

  sb happen to do sth某人碰巧做某事

  it so happened that……正巧 碰巧

  14.It is the first(second…)that…(从句谓语动词用现在完成时)

  15.in one’s power处于……的控制之中

2.高一英语下学期知识点整理

  只用that不用which的情况

  1、先行词为all,much,everything,nothing,something,anything,nothing,none,theone等不定代词时

  2、先行词被only,any,few,little,no,all,just,very,right等修饰时.

  3、当先行词是级或被形容词级修饰时。

  4、当先行词是序数词或被序数词修饰时。

  5、当先行词是数词时.

  6、当先行词既指人又指物时。

  7、如有两个定语从句,其中一个关系代词已用which,另一个关系代词则宜用that。

  8、主句是Therebe结构,修饰其主语的定语从句宜用that作关系代词。

  9、被修饰成分为表语,或者关系代词本身是定语从句的表语时,该关系代词宜用that。

  10、先行词为what,关系代词用that。

  11、有时为了避免重复而使用that引导定语从句。

3.高一英语下学期知识点整理

  现在进行时

  1.表示现在 (说话瞬间)正在进行或发生的动作。

  [例句] He is reading a newspaper now.

  2.表示当前一段时间内的活动或现阶段正在进行的动作 (说话时动作不一定正在进行)。

  [例句] What are you doing these days?  3.表示说话人现在对主语的行为表示赞叹或厌恶等,常与always, constantly, continually等副词连用。

  [例句] He is always thinking of others.

  4.表示在最近按计划或安排要进行的动作。常限于go, come, leave, start, arrive等表“移动”、“方向”的词。

  [例句] He is coming to see me next week.

4.高一英语下学期知识点整理

  各种时态的被动语态

  被动语态概述

  被动语态的概念:它是动词的一种形式,表示主语与谓语之间的执行或被执行关系。主动语态表示主语是谓语动作的执行者,例如:They saw the little boy crying by the river. 被动语态表示主语是谓语动作的承受者,例如:The little boy was seen crying by the river.

  被动语态的构成

  被动语态的形式是由“助动词be+动词的过去分词”构成。助动词be随着主语的人称、数、时态等的不同而变化。几种常见时态的被动语态形式如下:

  1. 一般现在时 am/is/are + 过去分词

  例如:Rice is planted in the south of China.

  2. 一般过去时 was/were + 过去分词

  例如:These trees were planted the year before last.

  3. 一般将来时 will/shall + be + 过去分词

  例如:A sports meeting will be held next week in our school.

  4. 现在进行时 am/is/are + being + 过去分词

  例如:Your radio is being repaired now.

  5. 过去进行时 was/were + being + 过去分词

  When he got there, the problem was being discussed.

  6. 现在完成时 have/has + been + 过去分词

  His work has been finished.

  Has his work been finished? Yes, it has. / No, it hasn’t.

  7. 过去完成时 had + been + 过去分词

5.高一英语下学期知识点整理

  give up doing/sth as usual 像往常一样 at midnight 午夜

  at an altitude of 在…海拔上 attitude to/ toward(s) 对…态度

  change one’s mind 改变主意 to my mind = in my opinion

  make camp 野营,宿营 make up one’s mind to do 决心干某事

  put up one’s tents 搭起帐篷 sth be familiar to sb某事为某人所熟悉

  dream of/ about doing sth 梦想做某事 go for long bike rides 做长途自行车旅行

  persuade sb to do sth= persuade sb into doing sth 说服某人做某事

  persuade sb not to do sth= persuade sb out of doing sth 说服某人不做某事

  determine to do sth ( 动作) / be determined to do sth (心理) 决心干某事

  get sb interested in 使某人对..感兴趣 insist on (one’s) sth/ doing sth 一定要;坚持要

  the best way of doing sth/ the best way to do sth 干某事的办法

  sb be familiar with sth某人熟悉某事

  can’t wait/ can hardly wait to do sth 迫不及待想干某事

  for one thing… for another (用来引出某事的理由)一则… 二则…

  take one’s breath away 使某人大吃一惊

高一英语下学期知识点整理