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高三上学期英语知识点

2022-12-10 11:19:49高三访问手机版0

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1.高三上学期英语知识点

  自身代词概说

  表示反射(指一个动作回射到该动作执行者本身.或强调(即用来加强名词或代词的.语气.的代词叫做自身代词)。

  自身代词的用法

  1.在句中作宾语,表示动作回到动作执行者的本身。如:

  Please help yourself to some lea.请自己用茶。(作help的宾语).

  The girl is too young to look after herself.这女孩太小,还不能照顾自己。(作look after的宾语).

  He was always ready to help others; he never thought of himself他总是帮助别人,从不想到自己。(作thought of的宾语).

  2.在句中作名词或代词的同位语,用来加强名词或代词的语气,作"亲自"、"本人"解。它在句中可置于名词、代词之后,也可置于句子末尾。如:

  You yourself said so.你自己是这样说的。

  The desk itself is not so heavy.书桌本身并不重。

  I fixed the window myself.这窗户是我自己装的。

2.高三上学期英语知识点

  (1)—How about coming to my house?

  —I’d love to if it doesn’t give you so much trouble.

  在hope, like, love, promise, want, wish等词后作宾语的不定式常省略。再如:

  You may go if you want to.

  She can get a job if she hopes to.

  —How about going hunting with me tomorrow?

  —I’d like to, but I have no time.

  (2)Don’t close the window until I ask you to.

  在allow, ask, tell等词后作宾语补足语的不定式常省略。再如:

  Don’t touch the light unless your mother allows you to.

  Don’t plant potatoes until the peasant tells you to.

  (3)He didn’t want to hand in his composition, but he had to.

  在be able to, be going to, have to, need to, enough to, used to等后的不定式需省略。再如:

  I don’t sing much, now, but I used to a lot.

  If you don’t want to say anything at the meeting, you don’t need to.

  She didn’t go out last night, because she was afraid to.

  在afraid, glad, happy, pleased, sorry等词后作状语的不定式常省略。再如:—Will you go with me to see the film tonight?

  —I’ll be glad to

3.高三上学期英语知识点

  1. access to 接近,进入(某地的)方法; 通路

  The only access to that building is along that muddy track.

  到那栋建筑的通路是沿着那条泥泞的路走。

  2. according to 按照,依照,视……而定

  The work was done according to his instructions.

  那工作是依照他的指示做的。

  3. be addicted to 沉溺于……,对……上瘾

  He became addicted to the drug.

  他上了毒瘾。

  4. belong to 属于

  This dictionary belongs to me.

  这本词典是我的。

  5. contribute to 为……做贡献,为……撰稿

  Everyone should contribute what he or she can afford to society.

  人人都应该尽自己的能力为社会做贡献。

  6. devote to 献身,致力于……

  He has devoted his life to helping disabled people.

  他一生献身于帮助残疾人。

  7. due to 因为,由于……而起

  His lateness was due to the very heavy traffic on the motorway.

  他迟到是因高速公路上车辆过多所致。

  8. be equal to 与……相当,有能力胜任……的

  Bill is quite equal to running the office.

  比尔的能力足以管理这个部门。

  9. get close to 靠近,接近

  Today many people like to go out to get close to nature.

  如今许多人喜欢到户外去接近大自然。

  10. get down to 开始做某事,认真处理某事

  It’s time I got down to some serious work.

  我该认真干点正事了。

4.高三上学期英语知识点

  be / get / become used to 习惯于

  be given to 喜欢;癖好

  be related to 与…有关系

  be admitted to 被…录取;准进入

  be attached to附属于;喜欢;依恋

  be adjusted to 适应

  be known to 为…所知

  be married to 和…结婚

  be sentenced to被判处

  be connected to 和…连在一起

  be exposed to 暴露于;遭受

  be compared to 被比喻成

  compare… to…把…比作…

  be engaged to 与…订婚

  be / become / get accustomed to / accustomed to 惯于;有…习惯

  be engaged to 与…订婚

  get down to 着手做

  lead to 导致

  object to反对;不喜欢;不赞成

  put one’s mind to全神贯注于

  give rise to 引起

  look forward to 盼望

5.高三上学期英语知识点

  虚拟语气

  虚拟语气也是一个难点.所谓虚拟语气是表示说话人的愿望、假设、猜测或建议,而不表示客观存在的事实.它通过句子的谓语动词的特殊形式来表示.现归纳如下:纯假设,用虚拟,动词时态退一级:条件句,分主从,主句谓语前加would (should,could,might);表愿望,用虚拟,wish后面接宾语(从句):现在过去与将来,动词时态退一级:提建议,用虚拟,宾语(从句)动词用(should)do:俩建议,三要求,再加坚持与命令(suggest,advise,demand,require,request,insist,order):It is time和eoukd rather,后接丛句用虚拟:部分主语从句中, 谓语用虚拟结构 (It is necessry /important/natural/natural/strange/strange that……should do). 下面举例说明:

  A、If you came tomorrow,we would have the metting. (条件句虚拟)

  B、Without air,there would be no living things.(同上)

  C、We wish we had arrived there two hours earlier.(表示愿望虚拟)

  D、He demanded that we (should)start right away.(表示建议虚拟)

  E、It is(high)time that we left (should leave)now.(特殊从句虚拟)

  F、I would rather you gave me the book.(同上)

  G、It is necessary that we should clean the room everyday,(主语从句虚拟)

  H、He speaks English so fluently as if he were English. (特殊从句虚拟)

高三上学期英语知识点