Please help yourself to some lea.请自己用茶。(作help的宾语).
The girl is too young to look after herself.这女孩太小，还不能照顾自己。(作look after的宾语).
He was always ready to help others; he never thought of himself他总是帮助别人，从不想到自己。(作thought of的宾语).
You yourself said so.你自己是这样说的。
The desk itself is not so heavy.书桌本身并不重。
I fixed the window myself.这窗户是我自己装的。
(1)—How about coming to my house?
—I’d love to if it doesn’t give you so much trouble.
在hope, like, love, promise, want, wish等词后作宾语的不定式常省略。再如：
You may go if you want to.
She can get a job if she hopes to.
—How about going hunting with me tomorrow?
—I’d like to, but I have no time.
(2)Don’t close the window until I ask you to.
在allow, ask, tell等词后作宾语补足语的不定式常省略。再如：
Don’t touch the light unless your mother allows you to.
Don’t plant potatoes until the peasant tells you to.
(3)He didn’t want to hand in his composition, but he had to.
在be able to, be going to, have to, need to, enough to, used to等后的不定式需省略。再如：
I don’t sing much, now, but I used to a lot.
If you don’t want to say anything at the meeting, you don’t need to.
She didn’t go out last night, because she was afraid to.
在afraid, glad, happy, pleased, sorry等词后作状语的不定式常省略。再如：—Will you go with me to see the film tonight?
—I’ll be glad to
1. access to 接近,进入(某地的)方法; 通路
The only access to that building is along that muddy track.
2. according to 按照,依照,视……而定
The work was done according to his instructions.
3. be addicted to 沉溺于……,对……上瘾
He became addicted to the drug.
4. belong to 属于
This dictionary belongs to me.
5. contribute to 为……做贡献,为……撰稿
Everyone should contribute what he or she can afford to society.
6. devote to 献身，致力于……
He has devoted his life to helping disabled people.
7. due to 因为,由于……而起
His lateness was due to the very heavy traffic on the motorway.
8. be equal to 与……相当,有能力胜任……的
Bill is quite equal to running the office.
9. get close to 靠近,接近
Today many people like to go out to get close to nature.
10. get down to 开始做某事,认真处理某事
It’s time I got down to some serious work.
be / get / become used to 习惯于
be given to 喜欢;癖好
be related to 与…有关系
be admitted to 被…录取;准进入
be attached to附属于;喜欢;依恋
be adjusted to 适应
be known to 为…所知
be married to 和…结婚
be sentenced to被判处
be connected to 和…连在一起
be exposed to 暴露于;遭受
be compared to 被比喻成
be engaged to 与…订婚
be / become / get accustomed to / accustomed to 惯于;有…习惯
be engaged to 与…订婚
get down to 着手做
lead to 导致
put one’s mind to全神贯注于
give rise to 引起
look forward to 盼望
虚拟语气也是一个难点.所谓虚拟语气是表示说话人的愿望、假设、猜测或建议,而不表示客观存在的事实.它通过句子的谓语动词的特殊形式来表示.现归纳如下：纯假设,用虚拟,动词时态退一级：条件句,分主从,主句谓语前加would (should,could,might);表愿望,用虚拟,wish后面接宾语(从句)：现在过去与将来,动词时态退一级：提建议,用虚拟,宾语(从句)动词用(should)do：俩建议,三要求,再加坚持与命令(suggest,advise,demand,require,request,insist,order)：It is time和eoukd rather,后接丛句用虚拟：部分主语从句中, 谓语用虚拟结构 (It is necessry /important/natural/natural/strange/strange that……should do). 下面举例说明：
A、If you came tomorrow,we would have the metting. (条件句虚拟)
B、Without air,there would be no living things.(同上)
C、We wish we had arrived there two hours earlier.(表示愿望虚拟)
D、He demanded that we (should)start right away.(表示建议虚拟)
E、It is(high)time that we left (should leave)now.(特殊从句虚拟)
F、I would rather you gave me the book.(同上)
G、It is necessary that we should clean the room everyday,(主语从句虚拟)
H、He speaks English so fluently as if he were English. (特殊从句虚拟)