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高二年级英语下学期知识点复习

2022-12-10 11:15:04高二访问手机版0
【导语】因为高二开始努力,所以前面的知识肯定有一定的欠缺,这就要求自己要制定一定的计划,更要比别人付出更多的努力,相信付出的汗水不会白白流淌的,收获总是自己的。®思潮学习网高二频道为你整理了《高二年级英语下学期知识点复习》,助你金榜题名!15341465268726103.jpg

1.高二年级英语下学期知识点复习

  1.be able to do能够做

  Afterpaying great efforts, he is able to speak English fluently.

  2.be about to do正要做

  AsI was about to say, you interrupted me.

  3.add… to…把……加……

  Ifyou add 5 to 5, you get ten.

  Ifthe tea is too strong, add some hot water.

  Thisadds to our difficulties.

  4.be afraid of 害怕

  Iwas afraid of hurting her feelings.

  5.go against反对

  Wedon't agree with the proposal, because it goes against the law.

  6.agree on达成一致

  Weagreed on an early start/making a early start.

  Weall agree on the terms.

  7.agreeto do同意做

  Myfather has agreed to buy me a new computer.

  8.agree with同意某人(或其想法、观点、认识等);与……相符

  Idon't agree with you on this point.

  Yourstory agrees with what I had already heard.

  Theclimate doesn't agree with me.

  Themussels I had for lunch haven't agreed with me.

  Theverb agrees its subject in number and person.

  9.be angry with对……生气

  Hewas angry with himself for having made such a foolish mistake.

  Hewas angry at being kept waiting.

  10.be anxious about对……担心

  Iwas anxious about my son's health.

  11.apply for申请

  Ihave applied to the Consul for the visa.

  12.take sth. in one's arms把……抱在怀里

  Shetook a bunch of roses in her arms.

  13.take up arms拿起武器

  Weshould take up our arms to defend our motherland.

  14.arrive in/at a place达到某地

  Mybrother will arrive in Beijing next Monday.

  Iarrive at the school every morning at a regular time.

  15.ask (sb.) for sth.向(某人)要某物

  Youshouldn't ask your parents for money any more.

2.高二年级英语下学期知识点复习

  1. 定义:用作表语的从句叫做表语从句。

  2. 构成:关联词+简单句

  3. 引导表语从句的关联词的种类:

  (1) 从属连词that。

  例如:The trouble is that I have lost his address. 麻烦是我把他的地址丢了。

  (2) 从属连词whether, as, as if。

  例如:He looked just as he had looked ten years before. 他看起来还与十年前一样。

  The question is whether they will be able to help us. 问题是他们是否能帮我们。

  注:从属连词if一般不用来引导表语从句,但as if却可引导表语从句,

  例如:All this was over twenty years ago, but it's as if it was only yesterday. 这都是20多年前的事了,但宛如昨天一样。

  能跟表语从句的谓语动词一般为系动词be, seem, look等。

  例如: It looked as if it was going to rain. 看起来天要下雨了。

  (3)连接代词:

  Who whom whose what

  Which whoever whatever whichever

  连接副词:

  Where when how why

  例如:The problem is who we can get to replace her. 问题是我们能找到谁去替换她呢。

  The question is how he did it. 问题是他是如何做此事的。

  That was what she did this morning on reaching the attic. 那就是她今晨上了阁楼干的。

  注:

  1. 连词because可引导表语从句。

  例如: I think it is because you are doing too much. 我想这是因为你做得太多。

  2. 在一些表示“建议、劝说、命令”的名词后面的表语从句中,谓语动词用虚拟语气。should+动词原形表示,should可省略。

  例如: My suggestion is that we (should) start early tomorrow. 我的建议是我们明天一早就出发。

3.高二年级英语下学期知识点复习

  主谓一致

  1、以单数名词或代词、动词不定式短语作主语时,谓语动词要用单数;主语为复数时,谓语用复数。(最基本的)

  2、由and或both……and连接的并列成分作主语时,谓语动词用复数。

  但并列主语如果指的是同一人、同一事物或同一概念,谓语动词用单数。

  3、由and连接的并列单数主语之前如果分别由each, every, no修饰时,其谓语动词要用单数形式。

  4、主语是单数时,尽管后面跟有 but ,except, besides, with ,as well as ,together with ,along with,like 等引导的介词短语时 ,谓语动词与前面的主语一致。

  注意:主语和谓语之间插入了分词短语,谓语要与主语保持一致。

  5、一些只有复数形式的名词,如people, police, cattle, clothes等作主语时,谓语动词要用复数。

  6、集体名词family, class, team, group 等看作整体时,谓语动词用单数;看作每一个成员时,谓语动词用复数。

  7、 当表示国家,城市,人名,书名,报纸,杂志,及组织机构等的专有名词做主语时,作为整体,谓语动词用单数形式。

  The New York Times is reading all over the United States . 《纽约时报》

  8、 news ,maths,physics ,politics等词貌似复数,实为单数,其谓语动词用单数.

  9、“the +形容词”(如the poor ,the rich ,the young, the old , the dead ,the sick,the brave 等)作主语,谓语动词往往用复数

  10、表时间、距离、价格、度量衡等的名词作主语时,谓语动词通常用单数。

  11、由连词not……but……, or, either……or, neither……nor, not only…but also,等连接的并列主语,如果一个是单数,一个是复数,则谓语动词按就近一致原则,与最靠近它的主语一致。(这个就是就近原则)

  12、There be句型、以here开头的句子谓语动词和靠近的主语一致。

  13、a number of后面加复数名词或代词,其动词用复数形式;但the number of后面加复数名词或代词时,其谓语用单数。

  14、在定语从句中主语是关系代词who , that , which , 谓语动词的数应与先行词的数一致。

  注意:在“one of +复数名词+ who/that/which”引导的定语从句中,从句谓语的单复数取决 于one前是否有the (only)、the very。如果有,从句的谓语动词用单数,如没有the only, 就用复数形式。

4.高二年级英语下学期知识点复习

  不定式做表语

  主语是以aim duty hope idea intention plan job suggestion wish purpose task 等为中心词的名词词组 或以 what 引导的名词性从句表示,后面的不定式说明其内容, 不定式作表语常表示将来或现在的动作或状态。

  eg :My idea is to climb the mountain from the north.

  Your mistake was not to write that letter.

  What I would suggest is to start work at once.

5.高二年级英语下学期知识点复习

  1. Instead of spending your vacation on a bus, ... you may want to try hiking. Instead和instead 0f的用法

  2. Say "Hi" / "Hello" / "Thanks" to sb. (for me) 问候的句型

  3. Is anybody seeing you off? 进行时表将来

  4. She struggled and struggled, and could not get on her feet. (= keep struggling)

  5. You should not go rafting unless you know... unless引导条件状语从句,相当于if... not

  6. By staying at..., tourists can help the villagers make money so that they can take care of the fiver and the birds. 目的状语从句

  7. She was so surprised that she couldn't move. 结果状语从句

  8. Tree after tree went down, cut down by water. 过去分词作状语

  9. The next moment, the first wave swept her down, swallowing the garden. 现在分词作状语

  10. However, before she could think twice, the water was upon her. It didn't take long before the building was destroyed. before的用法

6.高二年级英语下学期知识点复习

  1. take a risk/risks 冒险

  at risk冒风险;处于危险中

  at the risk of sth./doing sth.冒…的危险

  risk doing冒险做…

  at one’s own risk自担风险

  2. decide on sth对……做出决定

  3. be/become/get accustomed to sth./doing sth.

  accustom oneself to sth/ doing sth

  习惯于某事/做某事

  4. reach for sth 伸手去拿

  5. take off 开除;取消/起飞/ /休假

  He was taken off after twenty minutes.

  6.quit (doing) sth. 停止做某事

  7. find a cure for the disease找到…治疗方案

  8. take effect/come into effect 生效

  produce the desired effect 产生预期的效果

  in effect/ in fact

  have an effect on…

  9. lay/place/put stress on…强调

  stress the importance of …

  be stressed out焦虑 under stress/strain

  stress-related medical problems

  Yoga is excellent for relieving stress.高二年级英语下学期知识点复习