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高二年级英语必修五知识点整理

2022-12-10 11:05:53高二访问手机版0
【导语】因为高二开始努力,所以前面的知识肯定有一定的欠缺,这就要求自己要制定一定的计划,更要比别人付出更多的努力,相信付出的汗水不会白白流淌的,收获总是自己的。®思潮学习网高二频道为你整理了《高二年级英语必修五知识点整理》,助你金榜题名!15378615269243284.jpg

1.高二年级英语必修五知识点整理

  1) put forward 提出

  2) draw a conclusion 得出结论

  3) be/get under control 在……控制下

  4) be/get out of control 失去控制,不能操纵

  5) be absorbed in 专心

  6) be to blame 应该受责备(主表被)

  7) blame sb. for sth. 因某事责备某人

  8) in addition 也,另外,此外

  9) link...to... 将…和…连接或联系起来

  10) die of 因…而死亡(内因)

  11) die from 因…而死亡(外因)

  12) lead to 导致,通向

  13) make sense 有意义,说得通

  14) apart from 除…之外,此外

  15) contribute to 为…作贡献或捐款,导致,有助于

  16) be enthusiastic about 对…热情

  17) be curious about 对…好奇

  18) cure sb. of illness 治好某人…病

  19) point of view 态度,观点,看法

  20) Be strict with sb. 对某人要求严格

2.高二年级英语必修五知识点整理

  动词不定式作宾语

  以不定式结构为宾语的动词有:

  ask, agree, care, choose, demand, decide, expect, fail, help, hope, learn, manage, offer, plan, prepare, pretend, promise, refuse, want, wish等只能用动词不定式作宾语

  口诀(接不定式作宾语的动词)

  想要学习 早打算( want learn plan)

  快准备 有希望( prepare hope wish expect)

  同意否 供选择(agree offer choose)

  决定了 已答应(decide be determined promise)

  尽力去 着手做(manage undertake)

  别拒绝 别假装(refuse pretend)

  失败不是属于你(fail)

  e.g.Tom refused to lend me his pen.

  We hope to get there before dark.

  The girl decided to do it herself.

3.高二年级英语必修五知识点整理

  倒装句:

  一、here, there, now, then, thus 等副词置于句首, 谓语动词常用 be, come, go, lie, run。

  There goes the bell. 铃声响了。

  Here is your letter. 你的信。

  二、否定词置于句首,句子应进行倒装。 neither 放句首

  Tod can't swim, neither can I. 托德不会游泳,我也不会。

  用于 never, hardly, seldom, scarcely, barely, little, often, at no time, not only, not once, many a time 等词开头的句子。

  Never shall I go there again. 我再也不去那了。

  Little did he know who the woman was.他基本上不知道那女人是谁。

  Seldom was he late for class.他很少上学迟到。

  用于 no sooner ... than ..., hardly... when... 和 not until... 的句型中

  Hardly had I reached the station when the train left. 我刚到车站,火车就离开了。

  No sooner had she gone out than the phone rang. 她刚离开,电话就响了。

  Not until the teacher came did he finish his homework. 直到老师来,他才完成作业。

4.高二年级英语必修五知识点整理

  1.省略主语

  Beg your pardon.请你原谅。(= I beg your pardon.))

  2.省略谓语

  Anything the matter? 要紧吗?(= Is anything the matter?)

  The river was deep and the ice thin. 河很深,冰很薄。

  (= The river was deep and the ice was thin.)

  3.省略表语

  Are you ready? Yes,I am.(am 后面省略了表语 ready)

  4.省略宾语

  We have to analyze and solve problems. (analyze 后省略了宾语 problems)

  Let's do the dishes. I'll wash and you'll dry.(wash 和 dry 后面省略了宾语 dishes)

  5.省略定语

  He spent part of the money, and the rest he saved.(the rest 后面省略了定语 of the money)

  6.省略状语

  (Even)The wisest man cannot know everything.

5.高二年级英语必修五知识点整理

  【一般过去时】

  1. 一般过去时的定义

  一般过去时表示过去某一时候或某一段时间所发生了的事情或存在的状态。常与过去时间yesterday, this morning, just now, a moment ago, in May, last night / year / week, once upon a time, the other day, before …, when – clause, in the past连用。如:

  What did you do yesterday? 昨天你干了什么?

  I met Lin Tao this morning. 今天上午我会到了林涛。

  I was there a moment ago. 刚才我在那儿。

  2. 一般过去时的应用

  (1) 表示过去某时所发生的动作或存在的状态。如:

  Jim rang you just now. 吉姆刚才给你打了电话。

  (2) 表示过去经常或反复发生的动作。常接时间副词often, usually, always, sometimes, every day / week, etc. 如:

  We often went out for a walk after supper. 我们过去常在晚饭后散步。

  We usually played together. 我们通常一起玩。

  3. 一般过去时对谓语动词的要求

  一般过去时的谓语动词要用动词的过去式。动词过去式的构成分规则变化和不规则变化两种形式,不规则变化通常需要逐个记忆,规则变化则遵循以下原则:

  (1) 一般在动词后加-ed。如:play—played, offer—offered, weigh—weighed, destroy— destroyed, sign—signed.

  (2) 在以字母e结尾的动词后,只加-d。如:like—liked, provide—provided, hate — hated, date—dated。

  (3) 在以“辅音字母+y”结尾的动词后,则改y为i,再加—ed。如:supply—supplied, fly—flied, study— studied.

  (4) 在以单短元音的重读闭音节结尾且,末尾只有一个辅音字母的动词后,双写最后一个辅音字母,再加-ed。如:plan—planned, refer—referred, regret—regretted, ban—banned.高二年级英语必修五知识点整理