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初三英语期末下册复习提纲

2022-12-10 10:42:09初三访问手机版0

【导语】学习不光要有不怕困难,永不言败的精神,还有有勤奋的努力,科学家爱迪生曾说过:“天才就是1%的灵感加上99%的汗水,但那1%的灵感是最重要的,甚至比那99%的汗水都要重要。”即使我们的成绩不是很好,但只要有心想要学习,那么我们就应该笨鸟先飞,所谓"勤能补拙“没有人一出生就是天才,他们都是经过秦风的努力,才会成功的,所以我们不能坐等自己那天突然变成天才,而是要点燃自己的力量之火,寻找自己的天才之路,努力奋斗。以下是©思潮学习网为您整理的《初三英语期末下册复习提纲》,供大家查阅。

1.初三英语期末下册复习提纲

used to 的用法 used to 意为过去常常做某事。 used to 的用法: 1. 肯定句:used这个词没有人称的变化,to后面接动词原形。 否定句是didn’t use to…. When I was a child, I didn’t use to like apples. 当我还是孩子的时候我不喜欢苹果。 疑问形式是Did you use to…? Where did you use to live before you came here? 当你来这儿之前你住哪儿? 2. 含有used to 的句子的反意疑问句不要usedn’t + 主语,而用didn’t + 主语。 ——He used to smoke, didn’t he? ——他过去常常吸烟,是吗? Yes, he did./ No, he didn’t. 是的,他吸。/ 不,他不吸。

2.初三英语期末下册复习提纲

过去完成时 过去完成时表示在过去某一时间点以前即“过去的过去”已经发生的动作。 Mr. Black told me that he had seen the movie three times. 过去完成时要注意以下几个方面: 过去完成时表示在过去某一时间或动作之前已经发生或完成的动作。 它表示动作发生的时间是“过去的过去”。 过去完成时的结构是: 肯定由“助动词had(用于各种人称和数) 过去分词”构成 否定式:had not 过去分词 缩写形式:hadn’t 过去完成时的时间状语: ① 表示过去某一时间可用by, before等构成的短语。 We had finished our homework before 10 o’clock. ② 可能通过when, before等引导的从句表示。 When I got there, the train had left. ③ 过去某一时间通过上下文来表示。 Kate hadn’t studied hard, so she didn’t pass the exam yesterday.

3.初三英语期末下册复习提纲

宾语从句 1.语序 无论主句是陈述句还是疑问句,宾语从句都必须使用陈述语序,即“主句+连词+宾语从句(主语+谓语+……)”句式。根据连接词在从句中所担任的不同成分,可分为以下四种: (1)连接词+谓语。连接词在从句中作主语。常见的连接词有: who, what, which等。如: Could you tell me who knows the answer,please?你能告诉我谁知道答案吗? The small children don't know what is in their stockings.这些小孩子不知道袜子里有什么东西。 I don't know which belongs to my father. (2)连接词+名词+谓语。连接词在从句中作主语的定语。常见的连接词有:whose, what, which, how many, how much等。如: He asked whose handwriting was the best in our class.他问我们班上谁的书法。 The teacher asked us how many people there were in the room.老师问我们房间里有多少人。 (3)连接词+主语+谓语。连接词在从句中作宾语、状语或表语。常见的连接词有:who(m), what, which, how many, how much, when, why, how, where, if /whether(在句中不充当任何成分)。如: He hasn't decided if he'll go on a trip to Wuxi.他还没决定是否去无锡旅行。 Could you tell me what I should do with the money ?你能告诉我我如何处理这笔钱吗? (4)连接词+名词+主语+谓语。连接词在从句中作宾语或表语的定语。常见的连接词有:what, which, how many, how much, how等。如: Do you know which class he is in ?你知道他在哪个班吗? She asked me if I knew whose pen it was.她问我是否知道这是谁的钢笔。 2.连接词 (1)当由陈述句充当宾语从句时,用that引导,that无词义,在口语或非正式文体中常省略。如: He said that he could finish his work before supper.他说他会在晚饭前完成工作。 (2)当由一般疑问句充当宾语从句时,用if或whether引导,意为“是否”。如: I don't know if /whether he still lives here after so many years. 但在下列情况下只能用whether: ①在具有选择意义,又有or或or not时,尤其是直接与or not连用时,往往用whether(if…or not也可以使用)。如: Let me know whether /if he will come or not.(=Let me know whethe or not he will come) I don't know whether/if he does any washing or not.(=I don't know whether or not he does any washing.) I wonder whether we stay or whether we go. ②在介词之后用whether。如: I'm interested in whether he likes English.我关心的是他是否喜欢英语。 We're thinking about whether we can finish the work on time. I worry about whether I hurt her feelings.我担心是否伤了她的感情。 ③在不定式前用whether。如: He hasn't decided whether to visit the old man.他尚未决定是否拜访那位老人。 I don't know whether to go.我不知去否。 He hasn't decided whether to go by bus or by train.他还未决定是乘公共汽车去还是坐火车去。 whether置于句首时,不能换用if。如: Whether this is true or not, I can't say.这是否真的我说不上来。 引导主语从句和表语从句时宜用whether。如: Whether she will come or not is still a question.她是否能来还是个问题。 The question is whether we can catch the bus.问题是我们能否赶上公共汽车。 ⑥ 若用if会引起歧义时,则用whether。如: Please let me know if you like the book.可理解为:a. Please let me know whether you like the book.请告诉我你是否喜欢这本书。B. If you like the book, please let me know.你如果喜欢这本书,请告诉我。 (3)如果宾语从句原来是特殊疑问句,只需用原来的特殊疑问词引导。如: Could you tell me why you were late for the meeting this morning?

4.初三英语期末下册复习提纲

动名词(doing) 动名词相当于名词,在句子中可以做主语、宾语、表语、定语等。 1. 作主语 Fighting broke out between the South and the North. 南方与北方开战了。 2. 作宾语 Would you mind turning down your radio a little, please? 请问你介意调小一点收音机的音量吗? 3. 作表语 Babysister’s job is washing,cooking and taking care of the children. 保姆的工作是洗衣服,作饭和照看孩子。 4. 做定语 a washing machine 一台洗衣机

5.初三英语期末下册复习提纲

介词by的用法 1. 意为“在……旁”,“靠近”。 Some are singing and dancing under a big tree. Some are drawing by the lake. 有的在大树下唱歌跳舞。有的在湖边画画儿。 2. 意为“不迟于”,“到……时为止”。 Your son will be all right by supper time. 你的儿子在晚饭前会好的。 How many English songs had you learned by the end of last term? 到上个学期末你们已经学了多少首英语歌曲? 3. 表示方法、手段,可译作“靠”、“用”、“凭借”、“通过”、“乘坐”等。 The monkey was hanging from the tree by his tail and laughing. 猴子用尾巴吊在树上哈哈大笑。 The boy’s father was so thankful that he taught Edison how to send messages by railway telegraph. 孩子的父亲是那么的感激,于是他教爱迪生怎样通过铁路电报来传达信息。 4. 表示“逐个”,“逐批”的意思。 One by one they went past the table in the dark. 他们一个一个得在黑暗中经过这张桌子。 5. 表示“根据”,“按照”的意思。 What time is it by your watch? 你的表几点了? 6. 和take , hold等动词连用,说明接触身体的某一部分。 I took him by the hand. 我拉住了他的手。 7. 用于被动句中,表示行为主体,常译作“被”、“由”等。 English is spoken by many people. 英语被许多人说。(即“许多人讲英语。”)

初三英语期末下册复习提纲