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初三上册英语期中知识点归纳

2022-12-10 10:41:44初三访问手机版0

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1.初三上册英语期中知识点归纳

  定冠词也出现在其他 11 种情况中,非同时注意不可。

  ⑴用在单数名词前面,以代表同类的人或物,如:

  The ox is a useful animal for farmers.

  This type of work is easier for the teacher than for the student.

  但当涉及 man 和 woman 这两个名词时,一般上不必用 the :

   Man is mortal.

  Woman differs from man in many ways.

  ⑵用在单数名词前面来表示有关名词的抽象概念,如:

  Don't play the fool.

  Peter is fond of the bottle.

  ⑶用在数目字前面,如:

   Mr Li is somewhere in the 30s.

   She was not yet born in the 50s.

  ⑷用在测量单位前面,以表示“每”(each/per),如:

  Some factory workers are paid by the hour.

   This car usually does 15 kilometres to the litre.

  ⑸用在比较级形容词或副词之前,以加强其意义,如:

  The teacher explained the idea again, but his students were none the wiser.

   Your mind will function all the better if you have some time away from your work.

  ⑹用在“the more/better……the more/better……”结构里,如:

  The more we practise, the more we improve.

  The better the staff, the better the performance.

  ⑺用在乐器名称之前,如:

  The piano sounds better than the organ.

  ⑻用在剧院、电影 院之前,如:

   Do you often go to the cinema?

  Tom went to the Lido last week.

  ⑼用在四个方向之前,如:

  The sun rises in the east and sets in the west.

  ⑽用在复数姓氏之前,以表示有关家人,如:

  The Browns will visit us tonight.

  ⑾用在某些惯用语之前,如:

   We know the ins and outs of the matter.

  Compare the pros and cons before you make your decision.

2.初三上册英语期中知识点归纳

  主动语态和被动语态

  主动语态(The Active Voice)表示主语是动作的执行者。

  被动语态(The Passive Voice)表示主语是动作的承受者。

  构成:承受者+助动词be+及物动词的过去分词+by+执行者

  一般现在时:承受者+助动词am / is/are +及物动词的过去分词+by+执行者

  一般过去时:承受者+助动词was / were +及物动词的过去分词+by+执行者

  承受者+助动词shall / will be+及物动词的过去分词+by+执行者

  承受者+助动词 have/ has been+及物动词的过去分词+by+执行者

  承受者+ can /may/must/should +be+及物动词的过去分词+by+执行者

3.初三上册英语期中知识点归纳

  从句

  1.宾语从句

  在复合句中,由一个句子充当宾语,这个句子叫做宾语从句。宾语从句主要有三种类型,分别是that引导的宾语从句、if或whether引导的宾从、连接代词和连接副词引导的宾语从句。 常见的宾语从句引导词:that、if、whether、what、who、where、why和how。

  Eg. I am sad that you refused me. 我很难过你拒绝了我。

  2.定语从句

  定语从句在中考和高考中出现的频率都非常高。在复合句中,修饰名词或代词的从句叫定语从句。被修饰的名词或代词叫先行词。定语从句一般放在先行词的后面。常见的关系代词包括that,which,who(宾格whom,所有格whose),as 等,关系副词包括where,when,why等。

  Eg. Lily likes music that is quiet and gentle. 玛丽喜欢轻柔的音乐。

  3.状语从句

  状语从句就是由一个句子在复合句中充当状语。所以状语从句又可以分为时间状语从句、地点状语从句、原因状语从句、目的状语从句、结果状语从句等等。每种状语从句都有特定的引导词:

  (1)地点状语从句:where,wherever

  (2)时间状语从句:when, while, as, before, until, till, since

  (3)原因状语从句:because, since,as, now that, not that…, but that…, seeing that,

  considering that, in that

  (4)目的状语从句:so, so that, in order that, that, to the end that, in case,for fear that,lest

  (5)结果状语从句:so...that, such that, so that, with the result that

  (6)条件状语从句:if,unless,if only,only if,in case,suppose/supposing

  (that),provided/providing(that),on condition that,so/as long as

  (7)方式状语从句:as, as if, as though

  (8)让步状语从句:though, although, as, even if, even though, whether, no matter

  whether...or, no matter with

4.初三上册英语期中知识点归纳

  可数名词变复数的几种形式

  1.单数名词加s: students, apples, bags, trees, books, brothers.

  2.以s、x、sh、ch结尾的名词加es: glasses, boxes, brushes, matches.

  3.以辅音字母加y结尾的名词,变y为i加es: cities, babies, enemies.

  4.以f或fe结尾的名词,多数变f为v加es: wives, knives.但有些词只加s: roofs,proofs, chiefs.

  5.以o结尾的名词,有些加es: Negroes, heroes, tomatoes, potatoes. 其它加s: radio s, zoos, pianos, photos.

  6.不规则名词:foot→feet, goose→geese, tooth→teeth, child→children, man→men, woman→women, mouse→mice.

  7.单复数同形的名词:sheep,fish,dee.

  注意:fish表示种类时,也用fishes这样的形式。

5.初三上册英语期中知识点归纳

  重点短语

  1.buy sth for ab./ buy sb. sth为某人买某物

  2.taste + adj.尝起来……

  3.nothing...but+V.(原形)除了……之外什么都没有

  4.seem+(to be)+adj看起来

  5.go skate boarding去划板

  6.keep healthy=stay healthy保持健康

  7.eating habits饮食习惯

  8.take more exercise做更多的运动

  9.be like a mirror像一面镜子

  10.as long as只要;与…...一样长初三上册英语期中知识点归纳