好好学习,天天向上,思潮学习网欢迎您!
当前位置:首页 >  初中 >  初二 > 内容页

初二期末英语语法知识点总结归纳

2022-12-10 10:33:42初二访问手机版0

【导语】学习是把知识、能力、思维方法等转化为你的私有产权的重要手段,是“公有转私”的重要途径。你的一生,无法离开学习,学习是你最忠实的朋友,它会听你的召唤,它会帮助你走向一个又一个成功。以下是©思潮学习网为您整理的《初二期末英语语法知识点总结归纳》,供大家查阅。

1.初二期末英语语法知识点总结归纳

1.主语: 表示句子所说的是“什么人”或“什么事儿”,一般由名词,代词或相当于名词的词或者短语充当 例如:Gina is from Australia. She often goes to the movies. This kind of juice tastes good! 2.谓语: 主语发出的动作。一般是有动作意义的动词。谓语和主语在人称和数两个方面必须保持一致。 例如: We are both quiet. He has a smart phone. You should study harder. Her parents are teachers. 3. 宾语: 分为动词宾语和介词宾语,属于动作的承受者。 例如:He's playing soccer. Good food and exercise help me to study harder. 4. 系动词: 表示状态或状态变化的动词,没有实际的动作意义。如 be, 感官系动词(look, sound, smell, taste 和 feel)、保持类系动词(keep, stay 和 remain)、状态变化类系动词(become、get、turn 和 go)等。 This picture looks so beautiful. Keep working, you will see the post office on your right. 5. 表语: 紧跟系动词后面的成分。说明主语是什么或者怎么样,由 n. adj. 或者相当于名词或形容词的词或者短语,和系动词一起构成谓语。 例如:Her mother is a bank clerk. Are you ready? We were at home last night. 6. 定语: 修饰名词或代词的成分。作定语的出形容词外,还有代词、数词、名词、介词短语或相当于形容词的`词或者短语。 例如: Peel three bananas. What's your name, please? She's a good basketball player. 7. 状语: 修饰形容词、副词、动词或句子的成分。一般表示行为发生的时间地点目的方式程度等意义。通常有副词、介词短语或相当于的副词的词或短语来表示。 例如:People are all working hard. Beijing is not very cold in winter. 8. 补语: 分为宾语补足语和主语补足语。是对宾语和主语的补充说明,与其有主动或被动的逻辑关系。 例如:You should keep the room clean and tidy. 你应该让屋子保持干净整洁。 (You是主语, should keep是谓语,the room是宾语,clean and tidy是宾语补足语。) This kind of food tastes delicious. 这种食物吃起来很可口。 (This kind of food是主语, tastes是系动词, delicious是表语。) 注意:主语、谓语、宾语、系动词、表语、补语是一个句子的主干成分;定语和状语是一个句子的修饰性成分,不是主干成分。

2.初二期末英语语法知识点总结归纳

宾语从句 结构:主语 + 谓语动词 + 宾语从句(主语 + 谓语动词 + 宾语/表语) 1、引导名词性从句的连接词 (1)that:没有含义,在宾语从句中不做成分 (2)whether/if:表示是否,宾语从句中不做成分。 (3)连接代词:what, which, who, whom, whose(在宾语从句中做主、宾、表和定语) 连接副词:where, when, how, why(在宾语从句中做状语) 2、在做宾语从句的题目时应注意时态 (1)当主句是现在时态时,宾语从句可以根据需要使用任何时态。 (2)当主句是过去时态时,宾语从句必须是一种过去的时态。 (3)当表示客观事实或普遍真理的句子做宾语从句时,任何时候都用一般现在时。 say/speak/talk/tell say:是最口语化的最普通的一个词,意为“说出”、“说道”,着重所说的话。如: “I want to go there by bus” , he said . 他说,“我要坐汽车到那里去。”Please say it in English .请用英语说。 speak : “说话”,着重开口发声,不着重所说的内容,一般用作不及物动词 (即后面不能直接接宾语 ) 。如:Can you speak about him? 你能不能说说他的情况?I don’t like to speak like this. 我不喜欢这样说话。 speak 作及物动词解时,只能和某种语言等连用,表达在对话中恰当使用词汇的能力。 如:She speaks English well.她英语说得好。 talk : 与 speak 意义相近,也着重说话的动作,而不着重所说的话,因此,一般也只用作不及物动词,不过,talk 暗示话是对某人说的,有较强的对话意味,着重指连续地和别人谈话。如:I would like to talk to him about it . 我想跟他谈那件事。Old women like to talk with children.老年妇女喜欢和孩子们交谈。 tell : “告诉”,除较少情况外,一般后面总接双宾语。如:He’s telling me a story.他在给我讲故事。 tell a lie 撒谎 tell sb. to do sth. /tell sb. not to do sth 如:.Miss Zhao often tells us to study hard.

3.初二期末英语语法知识点总结归纳

1.由that引导,由于that没有任何意义,也不充当任何句子成分。因此that在非正式文体中可以省略。这类宾语从句通常表达一种陈述意义。 e.g.He told me (that) he would go to Wuhan. Tom says (that) he must study hard. She told me (that) she was a student. (1)如果由and连接两个并列的宾语从句时,第二个that则不能省略。 e.g.She said she liked English very much and that she didn’t like math at all. (2)常接that引导的宾语从句的谓语动词有:believe, expect, explain, feel, hear, hope, imagine, prefer, promise, report, say, see, tell, think, understand, warn, wish等。 2.由连接代词或连接副词who, whose, what, which, when, where, how, why引导,含有“谁、什么、哪个、什么时候、什么地方、怎样、为什么”等特殊疑问意义。 e.g.Do you know who they’re talking about? Can you tell me what they’re looking for? I don’t know where she has gone. I wonder how she can find us. She didn’t tell me where her hometown was. 3.由从属连词whether和if引导,含有“是否,能否,对否,有否”等一般疑问意义。 e.g.She asked me if I could help her. Jim wanted to know whether I had taken his English book. Please tell me whether you can come or not. 在这类宾语从句中要注意两点: (1)if引导宾语从句和状语从句的区别 if引导宾语从句时意为“是否”,从句中该用什么时态就应用什么时态。 if引导条件状语从句时意为“假如”,从句中应用一般现在时代替一般将来时。 e.g.She wanted to know if you were a teacher. I don’t know if the letter is yours. They’ll go boating if it is fine tomorrow. I’ll give it to her if she comes next week. (2)if引导宾语从句时多数情况下可以与whether互换,但如果要突出“究竟是……还是不……”这层意思时,通常用whether,并在后面的加上“or not”,即一般要选择whether构成whether…or not的结构。 e.g.Please find out whether the money is his or not. Let me know whether you can come or not. I want to know whether you can help me or not.

初二期末英语语法知识点总结归纳