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初二英语期末下册知识点

2022-12-10 10:33:17初二访问手机版0

【导语】学习时集中精力,养成良好学习习惯,是节省学习时间和提高学习效率的最为基本的方法。®思潮学习网搜集的《初二英语期末下册知识点》,希望对同学们有帮助。

1.初二英语期末下册知识点

1.短语动词小结 常见动词短语结构有下面几种: (1)动词+副词 如:give up 放弃;turn off 关掉;stay up 熬夜 这种结构有时相当于及物动词,如果其宾语是代词,就必须放在动 词和副词之间,如果是名词,则既可插在动词和副词之间,也可放 在短语动词后。 (2)动词+介词 如:listen of 听;look at 看;belong to 属于 这种结构相当于及物动词,后面跟宾语。 (3)动词+副词+介词 如:come up with 提出,想出; run out of 用完,耗尽 (4)动词+名词+介词 如:take part in参加;catch hold of 抓住 2. each 每个,各自的,强调事物的个别情况,常与of 连用 every 每个,每一个的,一切的,有“全体”的意思不能与of 连用 3. help sb. (to) do 帮助某人做某事 help him (to) study help sb. with sth. 帮助某人做某事 help him with English help do 帮助做某事 help study 4. spend...doing... 花费…做… I spent a day visiting Beijing. 我花了一天的时间去参观北京。 spend… on sth. 花费…在… I spent 3 years on English. 5. join 参加 (指参加团体、组织) 如:join the Party 入党 take part in 参加 (指参加活动) 如:take part in sports meeting 参加运动会 6. run out 与 run out of (1)run out (become used up). 其主语往往为物。如时间,食物,金钱,油等,本身就含有被动意义。 His money soon ran out. 他的钱很快就花光了。 Our time is running out. 我们剩下的时间不多了。 (2)run out of 主语为人,表示主动含义。 He is always running out of money before pay day. 他总是在发工资的日子还没有到就把钱花完了。 两者在一定条件下可以互换 如:The petrol is running out. 汽油快用完了= We are running out of petrol. Our time is running out. 我们剩下的时间不多了。= We are running out of time. 7. work out (1)结局,结果为 The strategies that he came up with worked out fine. 他提出的这个策略效果很好。 (2)算出,制订出,消耗完(精力等) He never seems to be worked out. 他好像永远不会疲乏似的。 He worked out a plan. 他制订了一个计划。 I have worked out our total expenses. 我已经算出了我们总的费用。 8. hang out 闲荡 闲逛 I like to hang out at mall with my friends. 我喜欢和我的朋友一起去购物中心闲荡。 9. be able to do 能,会 be unable to do 不能,不会 10. for sure 确实如此,毫无疑问 You don’t have money. That’s for sure. 你没有钱,这是毫无疑问的。

2.初二英语期末下册知识点

1. in the future 将来 2. ask questions 问问题 3. carry lots of books 搬许多书 4. by Internet 通过因特网 5. in 20 years’ time 在20年后的时间 6. be able to 能够 7. study at home 在家学习 8. not…any more 不再 9. get information on the Internet 在网上得到信息 10. free time 空闲时间 11. traffic jam 交通堵塞 12. the sea level 海平面 13. in spring 在春天 14. a kind of… 一种 15. cold wind 冷风 16. not only…but also… 不但…而且… 17. as well 也,又 18. on farm 在农场 19. play with 与…一起 20. in the air 在空中 21. light rain 小雨 22. write down 写下,记下

3.初二英语期末下册知识点

交际用语 1. We’re all by ourselves. 2. I fell a little afraid. 3. Don’t be afraid. 4. Help! 5. Can’t you hear anything? 6. I can’t hear anything / anybody there. 7. Maybe it’s a tiger. 8. Let’s get it back before they eat the food. 9. Did she learn all by herself? 10. Could she swim when she was …years old? 11. She didn’t hurt herself. 12. He couldn’t buy himself many nice things. 13. Did he enjoy himself? 14. Help yourselves. 15. Bad luck! 16. Come on! 17. Well done! Congratulations (to…)!

4.初二英语期末下册知识点

【重点短语】 1. fewer people 更少的人(fewer修饰名词复数,表示否定) 2. less free time 更少的空闲时间(less修饰不可数名词,表示否定) 3. in ten years 10年后(in的时间短语用于将来时,提问用How soon) 4. fall in love with„ 爱上„ 例:When I met Mr. Xu for the first time, I fell in love with him at once 当我第一次见到许老师,我立刻爱上他 5. live alone 单独居住 6. feel lonely 感到孤独(比较:live alone/go along等) The girl walked alone along the street, but she didn’t feel lonely那女孩独自沿着街道走,但她并不感到孤独 7. keep/feed a pet pig 养一头宠物猪 8. fly to the moon 飞上月球 9. hundreds of +复数 数百/几百(概数,类似还有thousands of; millions of) 10. the same as 和„„相同 11. A be different from B A与B不同(=There is a difference/Thgere are differences between A and B) 12. wake up 醒来(wake sb. up表示 “唤醒某人” 13. get bored 变得厌倦(get/become是连系动词,后跟形容词如tired/angry/excited等) 14. go skating 去滑冰(类似还有go hiking/fishing /skating/bike riding等) 15. lots of/a lot of 许多(修饰可数名词、不可数名词都可以) 16. at the weekends 在周末 17. study at home on computers 在家通过电脑学习 18. agree with sb. 同意某人(的意见) 19. I don’t agree. = I disagree. 我不同意 20. on a piece of paper 在一张纸上(注意paper/information/news/work/homework/housework等常考到的不可数名词)

5.初二英语期末下册知识点

1.would like =want , would like to do sth=want to do sth . 想要做某事 would like sb. to do sth .=want sb. to do sth 想要某人做某事 would you like ...? 其后用some 不用any . 句子:Would you like to do sth . 肯定回答:Yes ,please ./sure ,thanks ./Yes ,I’d like to./Yes ,I’d love to 否定回答:No, thanks .But…/Sorry ,I’m afraid I can’t . 2.try to do sth .尽力做某事;试图做某事;设法做某事,但不一定成功.否定式:try not to do sth. try doing sth .试着做某事,看看会发生什么情况. have a try 试一试 3.a bit 与a little 1)两者修饰动词,形容词,副词或比较级, 2)a little 可以直接修饰不可数名词,相当于a bit of 4.have a try 试试看, have a look 看一看 have a headache头疼 have a rest 休息 have a meeting 开会 have a good time 玩得愉快 have a fever发烧 5.lots of =a lot of 很多,大量 ,常用于肯定句中.既可修饰可数相当于many , 又可修饰不可数,相当于much . a lot 相当于very much ,多与动词连用,修饰形容词,副词的比较级. 6.提出建议: 1)Let’s do sth.让我们做…吧. 2)How about /what about doing sth ?做..怎么样 3)Why not do sth ?为什么不…? 4)Would you like to do …?你愿意做….吗? 5)Shall we do …?我们做…好吗? 6)You’d better(not) do ..你(不)做某事. 7.Thanks for sth. =Thank you for sth. 因…而感谢.后V+ing . Thanks to 幸亏,由于,归功于. 8.leave a message留个口信, take/have a message for sb.给某人带个口信. 9.hear from sb.=get /receive a letter from sb . 收到…的来信 hear about /of 得悉,听说 Hear out 听完 hear to 同意 10.can’t wait to do sth .迫不及待做某事 wait for 等候…,后接等待的对象,名词或代词 wait to do sth .等着做某事

初二英语期末下册知识点