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初二英语期末下册重点

2022-12-10 10:32:42初二访问手机版0

【导语】高效的学习,要学会给自己定定目标(大、小、长、短),这样学习会有一个方向;然后要学会梳理自身学习情况,以课本为基础,结合自己做的笔记、试卷、掌握的薄弱环节、存在的问题等,合理的分配时间,有针对性、具体的去一点一点的攻克、落实。本篇文章是®思潮学习网为您整理的《初二英语期末下册重点》,供大家借鉴。

1.初二英语期末下册重点

  1.need to do sth .需要去做某事

  2.see sb doing sth 看见某人正在做某事

  3.ask sb sth 询问某人某事

  4.expect sb to do sth 期望某人做某事

  5.agree to do sth 同意做某事

  6.help sb (to) do sth 帮助某人做某事

  7.makea difference to 对......产生影响

  8.make itpossible for sb to do sth 使得做某事对某人来说是可能的

  9.try (not) to do sth 尽力(不)做某事 4.let sb do sth 让某人做某事

  10.spend......(in) doing sth 花费......做某事

  11.mind doing sth 介意做某事

  12.keep on doing sth 继续做某事

  13.what do you think of...?你认为....怎么样?

  14.leave sth at/in somewhere 把某物遗忘在某地

  15.show sb sth 向某人展示某物

2.初二英语期末下册重点

  系动词+形容词/名词

  1、have a sweet tooth 喜欢吃甜食

  2、 have a try 尝一尝;试试看

  3、 a lot of pretty of 大量的

  4、 be proud of 为….而感到骄傲

  5、 take part in 参加;加入

  6、 Would you like to try some?

  Do you want to try a piece?

  (你想要尝一点吗?)

  7、 a bit sour 有点儿酸

  8、 in the middle 在…中部

  9、Shall I…. …好吗?

  10、(not) be sure (不)确信

3.初二英语期末下册重点

  1. It’s +形容词 + for sb. + to do sth. 做某事对某人来说是…的。

  It’s important to do sth. 做某事很重要。

  It’s important for me to eat a balanced diet. 平衡饮食对我来说是很重要的.

  It’s easy to do sth. 做某事是容易的。

  It’s easy for us to find out the answer. 找出答案对我们来说是容易的

  2. 情态动词should的用法

  should是情态动词,它的基本用法是必须和其他动词一起构成谓语。意为"应该......"。

  should(应当,应该)用于所有人称,表示劝告或建议。

  ---I have a very bad cold. 我感冒很厉害。

  ---You should lie down and have a rest. 你应该躺下,多喝水。

  3. maybe与may be

  (1)maybe是副词,译为“也许、可能”,相当于“perhaps”。如:Maybe he can answer the question. 也许他能回答那个问题。

  He maybe is from the USA, too. 他可能也来自美国。

  (2)may be中的may为情态动词,译为“可能是......”。如:

  He may be from the USA, too. 他可能也来自美国。

  She may be our English teacher. 她可能是我们的英语老师。

  4. few、a few、little、a little的区别和联系:

  (1)few / a few用来修饰可数名词,few表示否定意义,没有,几乎没有;a few表示肯定意义, 有几个。 例如:

  He has few friends here, he feels lonely. 他这里没朋友,他感觉寂寞。

  There are a few eggs in the basket. 篮子里有几个鸡蛋。

  (2)little / a little用来修饰不可数名词,little表示否定意义,没有,几乎没有; a little 表示肯定意义,有一点儿。 例如:

  There is little ink in my bottle. Can you give me a little ink? 我的瓶子里没有墨水了,你能给我点儿墨水吗?

  5. not…until 直到…(否定句) 才......,动词为短暂性或瞬间性动词。

  She didn’t leave until we came.

  He went shopping after he got up.

  He didn’t go shopping until /before he got up.

  until/till 直到......(肯定句)动词为延续性动词

  We stayed here till/until 12 o’clock.

4.初二英语期末下册重点

  1. 短语动词小结

  常见动词短语结构有下面几种:

  (1)动词+副词 如:give up 放弃;turn off 关掉;stay up 熬夜

  这种结构有时相当于及物动词,如果其宾语是代词,就必须放在动词和副词之间,如果是名词,则既可插在动词和副词之间,也可放在短语动词后。

  (2)动词+介词 如:listen of 听;look at 看;belong to 属于这种结构相当于及物动词,后面跟宾语。

  (3)动词+副词+介词 如:come up with 提出,想出; run out of 用完,耗尽

  (4)动词+名词+介词 如:take part in参加;catch hold of 抓住

  2. each 每个,各自的,强调事物的个别情况,常与of 连用every 每个,每一个的,一切的,有“全体”的意思不能与of 连用

  3. help sb. (to) do 帮助某人做某事 help him (to) study

  help sb. with sth. 帮助某人做某事 help him with English

  help do 帮助做某事 help study

  4. spend...doing... 花费…做…

  I spent a day visiting Beijing. 我花了一天的时间去参观北京。

  spend… on sth. 花费…在… I spent 3 years on English.

  5. join 参加 (指参加团体、组织) 如:join the Party 入党

  take part in 参加 (指参加活动) 如:take part in sports meeting 参加运动会

  6. run out 与 run out of

  (1)run out (become used up). 其主语往往为物。如时间,食物,金钱,油等,本身就含有被动意义。

  His money soon ran out. 他的钱很快就花光了。

  Our time is running out. 我们剩下的时间不多了。

  (2)run out of 主语为人,表示主动含义。

  He is always running out of money before pay day. 他总是在发工资的日子还没有到就把钱花完了。

  两者在一定条件下可以互换

  如:The petrol is running out. 汽油快用完了= We are running out of petrol.

  Our time is running out. 我们剩下的时间不多了。= We are running out of time.

  7. work out

  (1)结局,结果为

  The strategies that he came up with worked out fine. 他提出的这个策略效果很好。

  (2)算出,制订出,消耗完(精力等)

  He never seems to be worked out. 他好像永远不会疲乏似的。

  He worked out a plan. 他制订了一个计划。

  I have worked out our total expenses. 我已经算出了我们总的费用。

  8. hang out 闲荡 闲逛

  I like to hang out at mall with my friends. 我喜欢和我的朋友一起去购物中心闲荡。

  9. be able to do 能,会

  be unable to do 不能,不会

  10. for sure 确实如此,毫无疑问

  You don’t have money. That’s for sure. 你没有钱,这是毫无疑问的。

5.初二英语期末下册重点

  重点语法:宾语从句

  结构:主语 + 谓语动词 + 宾语从句(主语 + 谓语动词 + 宾语/表语)

  例句:----Im good at English. He says. (改为加宾语从句的复合句)

  ----He says Im good at English.

  注意:①主句是一般现在时态,宾语从句的时态不受其影响。

  例句:He says Im good at English now.

  He says I was good at mathematics when I was young.

  ②主句是过去时态,宾语从句也要用过去时态。

  例句:He said I was good at mathematics when I was young yesterday.

  He said I was good at English now yesterday.

  ③宾语从句是客观真理时永远用一般现在时态。

  例句:Our teacher says 24 hours make a day.

  Our teacher said the sun gives us so many energy yesterday.

  ④动词原形不能作主语,必须用其 -ing 形式。

  例句:She said helping others changed her life.

  重点短语:direct speech 直接引语

  reported speech = indirect speech 间接引语

  first of all = at first 首先

  pass on 传递

  be supposed to do sth. 应该做某事

  be good at = do well in 在某方面做得好

  in good health 身体健康

  get over 克服

  open up 打开

  care for = take care of = look after 照料;照顾

  not any more = not any longer = no longer 不再

  have a cold 感冒

  end-of-year exam 年终考试

  get nervous 变得紧张

  forget to do sth. 忘记做某事(该事未做)

  forget doing sth. 忘记做某事(该事已做)

  its + adj. + [for sb.] + to do sth. 做某事[对某人来说](加形容词)初二英语期末下册重点